The Ultimate Guide to Chinese Mushrooms
Looking for some information on Chinese mushrooms?
It appears everything that comes up on a search for Chinese mushrooms is about recipes, but where’s all the information about the Chinese mushrooms themselves?
Here at LTL Mandarin School, we don’t shy away from weird and the wonderful blogs.
First, let’s talk about how to say mushroom in Chinese.
Mushrooms 蘑菇 mó gu
Learn how to say every type of vegetable in Chinese.
If you want to talk about Chinese mushrooms, it might help you know how to talk about mushrooms themselves in Chinese.
Scales 鳞片 (lín piàn)
Cap 菌盖 (jūn ɡài)
Gills 菌褶 (jūn zhě)
Ring 菌环 (jūn huán)
Stem 菌柄 (jūn bǐnɡ)
Volva 菌托 (jūn tuō)
Mycelial threads 菌丝体 (jūn sī tǐ)
Here is some essential vocabulary you’ll need when talking about mushrooms in Chinese:
|kě shí de
|zhì huàn jì
|nài jué zhídì
Before we get into the Chinese mushrooms, here are some of the more familiar mushrooms from around the world and their Chinese names:
|Cep (Boletus Edulis)
|měi wèi niú gān jūn
|chéng gài niú gān jūn
|huàmù niú gān jūn
|jī yóu jūn
|yáng dǔ jùn
Mushrooms have played an essential role in China’s history in more ways than you might think!
For example, did you know mushrooms were used to make paper in China in the first century C.E? That was before the invention of paper itself!
Medically speaking, mushrooms have played a significant role in traditional Chinese medicine for many centuries! It is believed that with each colour mushroom, there is a corresponding health benefit for combating particular diseases.
For example, red mushrooms are good for your heart, and black mushrooms clean your kidneys.
Being a vegetarian in China can be challenging at first, BUT once you discover Chinese mushrooms, then you’re culinary journey in China will truly begin.
For example, ever head of needle mushrooms? Neither had I until coming to China. Now I can’t get enough!
Did you know there are over 10,000 species of mushroom?
Not so easy to list them all in one article! But we can tell you 23 of the most common mushrooms you’ll find in a Chinese kitchen!
|xiè wèi gū
|Cloud Ear Fungus
|zhū dù gū
|Dried Beef Mushroom
|Enoki (Needle Mushroom)
|biàn lǜ hóng gū
|Auricularia Auricula Judae
|King Trumpet Mushroom
|xìng bào gū
|Lion’s Mane Mushroom
|hóu tóu gū
|Paddy Straw Mushroom
|Shaggy Ink Cap
|Sweet Osmanthus Ear
|jī zōng jūn
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Chinese Mushrooms – FAQ’s
How do you say mushroom in Chinese?
Mushroom in Chinese is pronounced mó gu (蘑菇).
Are Chinese mushrooms good for you?
Yes! Chinese mushrooms like most edible mushrooms are high in nutrients. In Chinese medicine, Chinese mushrooms are believed to have a variety of healing properties.
What are dried Chinese mushrooms?
Dried Chinese mushrooms are more commonly know as shiitake mushrooms. They are very popular in China for soups and stir-fries due to their meaty flavour and rumoured health qualities.
How many species of mushrooms exist?
There are over 10’000 known variety of mushrooms! Discover 23 of the most common Chinese mushrooms you’ll find in a Chinese restaurant.
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