The Ultimate Guide to Chinese Mushrooms
Looking for some information on Chinese mushrooms?
It appears everything that comes up on a search for Chinese mushrooms is about recipes, but where’s all the information about the Chinese mushrooms themselves?
Here at LTL Mandarin School, we don’t shy away from weird and the wonderful blogs.
First, let’s talk about how to say mushroom in Chinese.
Mushrooms 蘑菇 mó gu
Learn how to say every type of vegetable in Chinese.
If you want to talk about Chinese mushrooms, it might help you know how to talk about mushrooms themselves in Chinese.
Scales 鳞片 (lín piàn)
Cap 菌盖 (jūn ɡài)
Gills 菌褶 (jūn zhě)
Ring 菌环 (jūn huán)
Stem 菌柄 (jūn bǐnɡ)
Volva 菌托 (jūn tuō)
Mycelial threads 菌丝体 (jūn sī tǐ)
Here is some essential vocabulary you’ll need when talking about mushrooms in Chinese:
|Edible||可食的||kě shí de|
|Hallucinogenic||致幻剂||zhì huàn jì|
|Chewy||耐嚼质地||nài jué zhídì|
|Mushroom Soup||蘑菇汤||mógū tāng|
Before we get into the Chinese mushrooms, here are some of the more familiar mushrooms from around the world and their Chinese names:
|Cep (Boletus Edulis)||美味牛肝菌||měi wèi niú gān jūn|
|Orange-Cap Boletus||橙盖牛肝菌||chéng gài niú gān jūn|
|Birch Bolete||桦木牛肝菌||huàmù niú gān jūn|
|Chanterelle||鸡油菌||jī yóu jūn|
|Morel||羊肚菌||yáng dǔ jùn|
|Death cap||毒蕈||dú xùn|
Mushrooms have played an essential role in China’s history in more ways than you might think!
For example, did you know mushrooms were used to make paper in China in the first century C.E? That was before the invention of paper itself!
Medically speaking, mushrooms have played a significant role in traditional Chinese medicine for many centuries! It is believed that with each colour mushroom, there is a corresponding health benefit for combating particular diseases.
For example, red mushrooms are good for your heart, and black mushrooms clean your kidneys.
Being a vegetarian in China can be challenging at first, BUT once you discover Chinese mushrooms, then you’re culinary journey in China will truly begin.
For example, ever head of needle mushrooms? Neither had I until coming to China. Now I can’t get enough!
Did you know there are over 10,000 species of mushroom?
Not so easy to list them all in one article! But we can tell you 23 of the most common mushrooms you’ll find in a Chinese kitchen!
|Chinese Mushrooms||Scientific Name||Characters||Pinyin|
|Bamboo Fungus||Phallus Indusiatus||竹荪||zhú sūn|
|Beech Mushroom||Buna Shimeji||蟹味菇||xiè wèi gū|
|Cloud Ear Fungus||Auricularia Polytricha||毛木耳||máomù’ĕr máomù’ĕr|
|Common Funnel||Infundibulicybe gibba||猪肚菇||zhū dù gū|
|Dried Beef Mushroom||Thelephora Ganbajun||干巴菌||gānbā jūn|
|Enoki (Needle Mushroom)||Flammulina Velutipes||针菇||zhēn gū|
|Golden Ear||Tremella Aurantialba||金耳||jīn ěr|
|Green Brittlegill||Russula Virescens||变绿红菇||biàn lǜ hóng gū|
|Jelly Ear||Auricularia Auricula Judae||黑木耳||hēi mù’ěr|
|King Trumpet Mushroom||Pleurotus Eryngii||杏鲍菇||xìng bào gū|
|Lion’s Mane Mushroom||Hericium Erinaceus||猴头菇||hóu tóu gū|
|Matsutake||Tricholoma Matsutake||松茸||sōng róng|
|Oyster Mushroom||Pleurotus Ostreatus||蚝菇||háo gū|
|Paddy Straw Mushroom||Volvariella Volvacea||草菇||cǎo gū|
|Poplar Mushroom||Cyclocybe Aegerita||茶树菇||cháshù gū|
|Reishi Mushroom||Ganoderma Lucidum||灵芝||líng zhī|
|Shaggy Ink Cap||Coprinus Comatus||鸡腿菇||jītuǐ gū|
|Shiitake||Lentinula Edodes||香菇||xiāng gū|
|Snow Fungus||Tremella Fuciformis||银耳||yín’ěr|
|Sweet Osmanthus Ear||Dacryopinax Spathularia||桂花耳||guìhuā ěr|
|Termite Mushroom||Macrolepiota Albuminosa||鸡㙡菌||jī zōng jūn|
|Yellow Ear||Tremella Frondosa||黃耳||huáng ěr|
Chinese Mushrooms – FAQ’s
How do you say mushroom in Chinese?
Mushroom in Chinese is pronounced mó gu (蘑菇).
Are Chinese mushrooms good for you?
Yes! Chinese mushrooms like most edible mushrooms are high in nutrients. In Chinese medicine, Chinese mushrooms are believed to have a variety of healing properties.
What are dried Chinese mushrooms?
Dried Chinese mushrooms are more commonly know as shiitake mushrooms. They are very popular in China for soups and stir-fries due to their meaty flavour and rumoured health qualities.
How many species of mushrooms exist?
There are over 10’000 known variety of mushrooms! Discover 23 of the most common Chinese mushrooms you’ll find in a Chinese restaurant.
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